Estomatología

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Estomatología

Revista Estomatología

Revista Estomatologia is a peer-reviewed scientific journal dedicated to the dissemination of new knowledge and information developed from scientific researches on all areas of oral and systemic medicine of the human being. It addresses itself primarily to researchers in the field of health sciences, university professors, undergraduate and postgraduate students, dental clinicians and specialized practitioners in the field of health sciences.

  • Therapeutics of OSAHS (Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) from the Orthopedic and Orthodontic point of view: A literature review
    por Christian Yanez el día noviembre 13, 2021 a las 5:00 am

    Background: OSAHS is a respiratory condition during sleep that constitutes a set of signs and symptoms caused by the configuration of some anatomical structures of the stomatognathic system, leading to serious systemic alterations. In recent years, the dental branches of Orthodontics and Orthopedics have sought to develop effective treatment alternatives to improve the quality of life of these patients. Objective: To describe and summarize orthopedic / orthodontic therapies for the treatment of patients with obstructive sleep apnea / hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Materials and methods: A systematic search was carried out in the Pubmed, Scielo, Semanthic Scholar and Science Direct databases for scientific articles that studied the efficacy of orthodontic / orthopedic treatments in patients with OSAHS. English-language controlled clinical trials studies published in the last 5 years were included. Results: A total of 83 articles were found, of which only 9 met the eligibility criteria. Within the orthodontic / orthopedic treatment for OSAHS, mandibular advancement device, oral appliance therapy, positional therapy were found; some involve adverse effects in certain patients. Conclusion: In the orthodontic / orthopedic therapies for the treatment of OSAHS, it was observed that the signs and symptoms improved considerably despite presenting adverse effects.

  • Management of an orthognathic surgery treatment in a skeletal class III patient: case report.
    por Daniela Orozco Jiménez el día noviembre 3, 2021 a las 5:00 am

    Introduction: The treatment established as the gold standard for skeletal deformities of the craniofacial complex is orthodontic treatment combined with orthognathic surgery, to achieve occlusal stability, facial harmony, improved mastication, phonation and breathing. The conventional orthognathic surgery protocol consists of 3 phases: pre-surgical orthodontic treatment, orthognathic surgery and post-surgical orthodontics. Case Report: 18 year old female patient with skeletal class III. She presents occasional pain, crepitation and luxation of the temporomandibular joint, laterognathia. Treatment: Conventional orthognathic surgery of both jaws with unilateral sagittal osteotomy. Results: The objectives of the treatment plan were achieved 1 year and 9 months after starting orthodontic treatment. Conclusion: With a good diagnosis and treatment planning orthodontic - maxillofacial surgery ensures excellent results, as well as bone stability and occlusal harmony post-surgery.

  • Skeletal class III correction in growing patient with bone anchorage: Case Report
    por Paloma González Higuera el día noviembre 3, 2021 a las 5:00 am

    Background: Skeletal class III is a dentofacial deformity where the lower third of face is more prominent. The treatment is decided according to the etiology and age of the patient; If the patient is in growing, the malformation can be treated with an interceptive protocol and if possible, avoid a orthognathic surgery in the future. Objective: Improve the skeletal class, uncross the bite or obtain an edge-to-edge bite, improve the position of the upper lip and evaluate the initial-final relationship of ANS and ANB. Case report: 13-year-old male patient, with no reported pathological or family history; presents skeletal class III, vertical growth, molar class I and canine III; he was treated with the protocol of mini BAMP (bone anchored maxillary protraction) plates, intermaxillary elastics and a palate with flat tracks. Results: The orthopedic phase lasted five months and an edge-to-edge bite and skeletal class I were achieved. Discussion: Results were obtained with the use of mini implants without extraoral anchorage in less time compared to other methods that have to be used for 9-12 months. Conclusion: The BAMP protocol can be used in growing patients without a face mask to correct skeletal class III.

  • Management of dental caries in times of covid- 19: A literature review.
    por Dayana Nole el día octubre 11, 2021 a las 5:00 am

    Background: In dentistry, the implementation of more conservative alternatives for the management of dental caries has always been sought. One option is the use of Silver Diamine Fluoride plus Potassium Iodide, which is a product easy to apply and allows the inactivation of dental caries. Aim: To determine if it is feasible to use Silver Diamine Fluoride plus Potassium Iodide for the inactivation of carious lesions. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional documentary qualitative descriptive study for which a review of recent literature associated with journals with indexed databases was carried out. Results: A total of 103 articles were obtained, which were analyzed and 40 of the 103 were selected, for the reason that the remaining 63 did not meet the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: The use of Silver Diamine Fluoride plus Potassium Iodide for the inactivation of carious lesions, turns out to be an effective and viable alternative, that reduce the emission of aerosol particles, thus reducing the risk of infection of N-COVID-19 during dental treatment.

  • Relationship between prosthetic treatment, self-esteem and quality of life in elderly patients undergoing hemodialysis
    por Evandro Silveira de Oliveira el día octubre 9, 2021 a las 5:00 am

    Background: Oral health status can have a physical and psychological influence on individuals' lives. It can simultaneously affect the pleasure in life due to interference in oral conditions, speech, chewing, taste and swallowing, in social domains, on the appearance and self-confidence of individuals. Objective: To verify whether dental prosthetic treatment is able to improve the quality of life and self-esteem of elderly patients undergoing hemodialysis. Materials and Methods: An interventional study was carried out with 26 patients undergoing hemodialysis in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. Patients were divided into two groups according to treatment completion; with and without treatment. The treatment group received adjustments or made a new dental prosthesis, while the group without treatment received only clinical evaluation and guidance on oral hygiene. Quality of life was assessed using the instrument Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Questionnaire (SF-36) and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in its version 14. For self-esteem, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was used. . Results: The mean age was 69.08 years (±05.90) ​​and the mean DMFT index was 29.65 (±01.35). There was statistical significance in the emotional aspect dimension of the SF-36 in both groups. The group that received treatment showed significance in the physical disability of the OHIP-14 and improvement in self-esteem. Conclusion: Dental prosthetic treatment improved the quality of life and impacted the self-esteem of elderly patients undergoing hemodialysis, with the greatest impact on patients who underwent prosthetic treatment.

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