Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia
- ISSN print: 0120-6230
- ISSN online: 2422-2844
- Periodicity: Quarterly
- Creative Commons: by-nc-sa
- Thermal finite element analysis of complex heat sinks using open source tools and high-performance computingpor Francisco Javier Ramírez-Gil el noviembre 3, 2022 a las 5:00 am
The modeling of heat transfer phenomena in thermal systems has been extensively explored in industry and academia by using the finite element method (FEM) with commercial software. However, when the thermal problem introduces complexities in geometry and physics, the availability of licenses for high-performance computing could represent a limitation to achieving results in a reasonable time. Hence, finite element analysis (FEA) using open-source software (OSS) becomes a prominent candidate in this case. Therefore, multiple open-source tools are integrated into this work to solve the heat transfer equation, including conduction, convection, and radiation. Several geometrically complex heat sinks commonly used in the electronics industry are considered application examples. The performance of parallel computing is assessed in terms of processing time. The finite element solution engine is built by implementing the energy balance equations in their weak formulation in Firedrake, using its solver PETSc, the mesh generator GMSH and the post-processor Paraview, thus creating a fully OSS-based Python framework. Finally, the results are verified with commercial software for different case studies, and its potential to be extended to other fields of engineering is evident.
- Potential ecological risk index for metals in a grazing area, Guasca, Cundinamarcapor Maira Alejandra Barriga-Vélez el noviembre 3, 2022 a las 5:00 am
The presence of metals in soils used for primary economic activities can negatively impact the environment and public health. This research identified soil contamination by heavy metals (Lead, Copper, Zinc, and Manganese) by examining physical and chemical properties (Phosphorus, Potassium, organic carbon, cation exchange capacity, pH, texture, and bulk density) of the area during the dry and rainy seasons of 2017. Composite samplings of soil were carried out in both seasons, in order to obtain a representative value of the soil in certified laboratories. Thereafter, through interpolation by means of the Kriging method, a spatial scale of metal concentrations was conducted. This led to the conclusion that the study area has an acceptable environmental quality (5.8-6.9) for its current use of grazing. Likewise, the area presents a medium level (75.37), pursuant to the Potential Ecological Risk Index (RI) for the dry season, and a very high risk (195.04) during the rainy season. These estimates are directly related to lead concentrations, introduced to the soil of the area by human development activities and by contributions of parent material to the soil surface layers, through natural processes of weathering.
- Indirect electrochemical degradation of acetaminophen: process performance, pollutant transformation, and matrix effects evaluationpor Efraím A. Serna-Galvis el noviembre 3, 2022 a las 5:00 am
Acetaminophen (ACE), a highly consumed pharmaceutical, was degraded in aqueous matrices by reactive chlorine species (RCS) electrogenerated using Ti/IrO2 electrodes. Although this pollutant has been extensively treated by electrochemical techniques, little information is known about its degradation in fresh urine by electrogenerated RCS, and the understanding of its transformations using analyses of atomic charge. In this work, these two topics were discussed. Initially, the effect of current (10-40 mA) and supporting electrolyte (considering typical ions present in surface water and urine (Cl- and SO42-)) on the electrochemical system was evaluated. Then, the kinetics and primary transformations products involved in the elimination of ACE were described. It was found that, in distilled water, the process at 40 mA in NaCl presence led to 100 % of ACE degradation (10 min, 0.056 Ah L-1). Theoretical analyses of atomic charge for ACE indicated that the amide group is the most susceptible to attacks by RCS such as HOCl. On the other hand, degradation of acetaminophen in synthetic fresh urine was slower (21% of degradation after 60 min of treatment) than in distilled water. This was attributed to the other substances in the urine matrix, which induce competition for the degrading RCS.
- Design of a smart microgrid with small-scale hydro generation: a practical case studypor Americo Vicente Teixeira Leite el noviembre 3, 2022 a las 5:00 am
Microgrids are local electric grids integrating distributed generation and consumption, energy storage and management and power control. They can be an alternative for the energy supply of a house, a building, a small village or a wider region. Small-scale hydropower, in the range of 5 kW, consists of distributed generation systems gaining increasing interest. These so-called pico-hydro systems are becoming popular since they can take advantage of the integration of low-power wind generators and photovoltaic (PV) inverters, which are widely available at competitive prices. Thus, pico-hydro systems are not only relevant for energy generation in off-grid systems in remote areas but also for new contexts where the utility grid is available. This paper presents the design of a smart microgrid with small-scale hydro generation. It is a practical case study with the integration of two grid-connected pico-hydro turbines: a low-head propeller turbine and a water wheel. The microgrid was designed and implemented in a small museum: Casa da Seda (House of Silk). The energy generation is based on the complementarity between hydro and PV. The microgrid can operate in both grid-connected and islanded modes and feeds the House of Silk loads. The connection of both pico-hydro turbines into the microgrid is based on the integration of wind generators and PV inverters.
- Development of a flexible anode for lithium-ion batteries from electrospun carbon-magnetite composite microfiberspor Carlos Andrés Velásquez-Márquez el noviembre 3, 2022 a las 5:00 am
The development of a binder-free material is gaining ground as a flexible anode in lithium-ion batteries due to the higher specific capacity and possibilities of usage in portable appliances. In this work, magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4-NPs) were incorporated into carbon microfibers (CMFs) by electrospinning technique to improve the specific capacity of active material, retaining the high flexibility of the CMFs. The composite active material (CMFs-Fe3O4) was characterized by Raman spectroscopy, Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to determine the composition, structure, and morphology of the composite. Electrochemical tests were done to evaluate the performance of the composite material as an anode in lithium-ion batteries. Fe3O4-NPs with particle sizes from 30 to 40 nm were incorporated into CMFs (800 nm), and the TEM images showed a homogeneous distribution of Fe3O4-NPs. The electrochemical tests evidenced that magnetite incorporation increases the specific capacity by 42% on the first cycle and 20% on the 50th cycle. Similarly, the Coulombic efficiency increases by 20% in the composite material.