Revista Facultad de Ingenieria

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Revista Facultad de Ingenieria

Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia
  • ISSN print: 0120-6230
  • ISSN online: 2422-2844
  • Periodicity: Quarterly
  • Creative Commons: by-nc-sa

  • Design and simulation of mechanical press for testing of coining tools with nanostructured coatings
    por Johan Andrés Galán Avila el mayo 18, 2022 a las 5:00 am

    The present study proposes the design, simulation, and finite element analysis (FEA) of a mechanical press to test coining tools that contain nanostructured coatings. The designed mechanical testing press has a nominal force capacity of 800 kN with a ram stroke of 100 mm. CAD modeling of components, assemblies, and press structure is developed. The validation of the safety factor of the stress of the press is implemented by FEA analysis. Axisymmetric 2D FEA simulation is applied to determine the nanostructured coating behavior when subjected to high loads, the results are promising for future simulation studies on coatings. A displacement mechanism was designed for the test sheet, offering versatility and a variety of options for testing the coining tools as often as necessary under different load conditions. The final results of the machine operation simulation are satisfactory.

  • Sustainability performance assessment of the transport sector in European countries
    por Sarah Beatriz Gruetzmacher el mayo 18, 2022 a las 5:00 am

    The transport sector plays a fundamental role in the European Union economy and its efficiency is fundamental to strengthen the region's environmental and economic performance. Unfortunately, the sector still remains heavily dependent on oil resources and is responsible for a large part of the air pollution. The European Union has been promoting various initiatives towards sustainable transport development by setting targets in the sector such as the ones proposed in the 2011 White Paper on transport. Under this context, this study aims at evaluating the environmental performance of the transport sector in 28 European Union countries, from 2015 to 2018, towards the policy agenda established in the strategic documents. The assessment of the transport environmental performance is made through the aggregation of seven sub-indicators into a composite indicator using a Data Envelopment Analysis technique. A variant of the Benefit of the Doubt model is used to determine the weights to aggregate the sub-indicators. The results obtained indicate that the European Union countries have been improving their transport environmental performance in the last two years of the time span under analysis, i.e., 2017 and 2018. Regarding the inefficient countries, results suggest they should improve the transport sustainability mainly by drastically reducing the greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel-based propulsion, increasing the share of freight transport using rail and inland waterways and also the share of transport energy from renewable sources.

  • Control surface design for radio-controlled aircraft. Case: SAE Aero Design Micro-class prototype
    por Rafael A. Márquez el mayo 18, 2022 a las 5:00 am

    This research article presents a design methodology for primary control surfaces (Ailerons, Rudder and Elevator) for experimental unmanned radio-controlled aircraft. The methodology is based on the proposal and standardization of the required mechanical and aerodynamic analysis for each control surface sizing, considering the SAE Aero Design competition objectives within Micro Class. It is used on empirical results previously described in references about aeronautical design, computerized fluids dynamics (CFD) software, and aircraft controllability regulations in order to obtain the design variables. Based on this information, the iteration sequences required for design were automated by a C++ language code to obtain the optimal characteristics for each surface, thereby reducing the possibility of calculation errors, overall time, and workload invested in the design process. The application of the methodology to the latest aircraft design reduced the total control systems weight to the aircraft’s empty weight ratio to a minimum of 3.4%.

  • Effect of the opening and location ratio on the performance of an H-Darrieus VAWT
    por Andres Felipe Burbano-Hernández el mayo 18, 2022 a las 5:00 am

    Vertical axis wind turbines such as Darrieus turbines are a very interesting category of low wind speed domestic wind turbines. Further research work is needed to enhance their efficiency to fulfill the higher demand in small applications for power generation. The main objective of this work is to find a Darrieus turbine design to boost the starting capacity of the turbine through an opening located at the lower surface of the airfoil. We carried out a thorough CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) investigation to determine the impact of the opening position on the Darrieus rotor’s output. This new type of airfoil uses a standard NACA 0015 profile and a profile with an opening on the lower surface of the profile. Different sizes of the opening in a symmetrical profile are evaluated through the CFD method to predict the Cp and CT of this H-Darrieus turbine design. Five sections were designed to describe the research of this new H-Darrieus rotor. Generally speaking, the results showed that the Cp decreases with the opening ratio, the desirable rotors with the lower surface opening ratio are 0.12 to 0.36 considering this with the low CpLP.

  • Small wind turbines study and integration in a peri-urban microgrid
    por Paula Peña-Carro el mayo 18, 2022 a las 5:00 am

    The use of wind resources has always gone hand in hand with high wind speeds in open fields. This paper develops the decisions to be taken for the selection, installation, and connection of small wind turbines in peri-urban environments, where wind speeds are medium or low. The guidelines are detailed throughout the document, starting with the study of the wind resource, the selection of the turbine, installation, and real-time monitoring of production for integration into a micro power grid. The installation of small wind systems in places as close as possible to the point of demand makes it possible to achieve a reduction in the cost of the electricity bill. This is thanks to the instantaneous control of generation and demand at a particular level through the installation of software, in this case, Home Assistant. The novelty of this paper is the use of this software Home Assistant to integrate of a small wind turbine in a microgrid and its control system.

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