Revista Interamericana de Psicología/Interamerican Journal of Psychology
The Interamerican Journal of Psychology (IJP) is published since 1967 by the Interamerican Society of Psychology. It is the policy of the journal to publish the current developments of Interamerican Psychology under both the theoretical and the applied and professional perspective; doing this, the journal aims to promote communication and cooperation among psychologists from the different Interamerican Countries.
- Old Age and Their Conceptions in the Political Field: A Psychosocial Analysis of LGBTQI+ Old Age from the social representations of municipal parliamentarianspor Mateus Egilson da Silva Alves el diciembre 22, 2023 a las 5:00 am
This article aimed to apprehend the social representations of LGBTQI+ old age among municipal legislative managers. Participated 10 parliamentarians, with an average age of 47.6 years (Dp 8.48). Sociodemographic questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used, later transcribed and analyzed using Bardin's content analysis method. Two empirical categories resulted from the analyzes: (1) Aging and Old Age: paradigms surrounding public practices (2) (In) equality in the political arenas about LGBTQI+ Old Age. It’s argued that the representations are anchored in the overlap between aging and old age as similar processes, justifying how they aim at public attitudes and underline elderly LGBTQI+ people involved in (in) equality. Expected to contribute to the expansion of knowledge about the psychosocial aspects of old age LGBTQI+, as well as giving rise to a debate about the need for greater attention to the plurality of gender, sexuality, and old age in the political field.
- Cannabis Tolerance: A Scope Reviewpor Esperanza Ibáñez-Jiménez el diciembre 22, 2023 a las 5:00 am
Cannabis is a widely consumed drug, so studying the effects of its chronic consumption becomes relevant. Regarding chronic consumption, the phenomenon of tolerance has been described in several drugs, including cannabis. Currently, multiple studies have addressed this phenomenon, with high heterogeneity in terms of methodology, evidence, and results. Our goal is to describe and analyze the literature on cannabis tolerance evaluated in physiological, cognitive, behavioral, and subjective responses, incorporating a critical perspective to account for some gaps and controversies in its study. Cannabis tolerance show a disparity between the effects produced after a first administration compared to its chronic use. Each of them incorporates heterogeneity of cannabinoids, doses, and routes of administration. Also, there is diversity in the regularity and temporal extension of consumption, as well as in its effects at the different response levels. Even when the heterogeneity of measurements allows for incorporating different perspectives, this results in poor standardization and a lack of rigor in what is understood as cannabis tolerance. Furthermore, there is no consideration of the stimuli present at drug administration, which have been relevant in the understanding of tolerance to other drugs as a learning process. Cannabis tolerance should be further studied, incorporating rigorous definitions and measurements that allow the phenomenon to be addressed in a global and standardized manner.
- Cohesion, Flexibility and Family Support in Relation to the Psychological Wellbeing of Individuals with Obesity Issuespor Roxana González Sotomayor el diciembre 22, 2023 a las 5:00 am
Obesity is a multi-causal disease which is increasing worldwide and fosters multiple maladjustments in the biological, psychological, family and social wellbeing in obese people. There are several family related factors, such as family interaction and support, which are directly related to the increase or decrease of obesity and wellbeing. Thus, the objective of this investigation was: analyze the incidence of BMI, cohesion, family flexibility and socio-family support, towards the psychological wellbeing in obese people. Scale of Wellbeing, Faces III Test, Scale of Perceived Family and Friends Social Support were the tools applied to 350 people presenting obesity issues. Results showed a tendency for extreme scores in the factors of cohesion and flexibility related to dysfunctional family relations. Acute differences were noticed between men and women in regards to family cohesion, family support and social-family support; obese men scored much higher than women. Predictive models indicate that family cohesion in women and social support in men, have a direct effect on their psychological wellbeing. This results could be of great help in intervention programs which focus on a specific sex and include family and social factors
- Environmental Psychology in Latin America: an analysis of open access scientific productionpor Raquel Farias Diniz el diciembre 22, 2023 a las 5:00 am
In order to elucidate the scenario of development and consolidation of Environmental Psychology in Latin America, we intend to discuss the dynamics and evolution of the area, through the characterization of scientific production in the format of scientific articles published in open access journals. Therefore, a bibliometric study was carried out, using the SciELO, PEPSIC and RedALYC databases and the descriptor: environmental psychology. In total there were 304 articles, published between 1994 and 2021, that met the inclusion criteria. As main results, the leading role of Brazil in Latin American psycho-environmental production was evidenced, since the most frequent language in publications is Portuguese (51.8%), the most used magazines (58.7%) and the institutions that concentrate the largest number of authors (52.8%) are Brazilian. Next, Mexico stood out, also pointed out as a pioneer pole of EP in LA. Among the other countries, the third precursor center of the continent -Venezuela- had a smaller participation compared to Colombia, Argentina and Chile, which have been gaining ground in scientific production in the area. From the findings, considerations are made on the factors associated with these variations and notes on the BP in the region.
- Assessing the relative contribution of Moral Foundation Theory, Right-Wing Authoritarianism, and Social Dominance Orientation in the prediction of political orientationpor Mouhamad Houssein Ballout el diciembre 22, 2023 a las 5:00 am
Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) and Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) are two constructs which have been demonstrated to explain differences in political orientation as well as opinions concerning how society should be structured. More recently, Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) has demonstrated its ability to also delineate between political and social groups. Past research, however, has presented an unclear image of how RWA, SDO, and MFT interact with their influence on political orientation. In order to provide firmer grounding, this study examined the relationship between these three constructs as well as their ability to predict political orientation and perceived threat towards immigrants in a student sample (N = 300). Large correlations were found between SDO, RWA, and MFT. A path analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between political orientation, perceived threat towards immigrants with SDO, RWA, and MFT. Basic demographics were also considered. Several models were assessed, the model containing SDO, RWA, as well as MFT best fit the data. Furthermore, MFT demonstrated significant pathways with both political orientation and perceived threat towards immigrants. Our finding suggest that MFT contributes to the explanation of political orientation beyond the variance accounted for by SDO and RWA.